「社会階層と健康」国際会議 メモ


20130904211046

先日参加した国際会議のメモの一部。備忘録として残しておきたいと思います。あくまでも自分向けのものなので、きちんとした内容が知りたい方は、ホームページを参照してください。http://mental.m.u-tokyo.ac.jp/sdh/

The price of income inequality

By Prof. Kawachi

収入と健康に関する3つの関係

1. Absolute income effect
2. Social comparison and relative depriviation
3. Contextual effect of income inequality

(以下、詳細)
———————————————
1. Absolute income effect
———————————————
  [理由] Unequal distribution of resources

  ・関連する論文
    Shifting dollars, saving lives: what might happen to mortality rates,
    and socio-economic inequalities in mortality rates, if income was redistributed?
     http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16242825

———————————————
2. Social comparison and relative deprivation
———————————————
  [理由] Social comparison

  ・W.G. Runciman (1966)
    相対所得仮説の提唱者
     http://www.unz.org/Pub/RuncimanWG-1966
  ・人類の半分くらい(46%)は相対所得がよい「世界」を選択する。
  ・サルによる例証:
     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lKhAd0Tyny0

  ・Structural Strain Theory
    Horatio Alger Myth Limited Social Mobility
  ・The Brooklin Institution, Economic Mobility Project
    http://www.brookings.edu/research/reports/2008/02/economic-mobility-sawhill

  ・先行研究
    Symbolic capital, consumption, and health inequality.
     http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21164087
    Relative deprivation and the Gini coefficients (Yitzhaki index)
     http://darp.lse.ac.uk/papersdb/Yitzhaki_(QJE_79).pdf
    Does Relative Deprivation Predict the Need for Mental Health Services?
     http://www.icmpe.org/test1/journal/issues/v7pdf/7-167_text.pdf
    Relative Deprivation, Poor Health Habits, and Mortality
     http://jhr.uwpress.org/content/XL/3/591.abstract

  ・The spirit level
    http://www.amazon.com/The-Spirit-Level-Equality-Societies/dp/1608193411
  ・How economic inequality harms societies – TED talk by Richard Wilkinson
    http://www.ted.com/talks/richard_wilkinson.html

———————————————
3. Contextual effect of income inequality
———————————————
  [理由] Erosion of social capital
  
  ・先行研究
    Meta-analysis of multi-level studies of income inequality
     http://www.bmj.com/content/339/bmj.b4471
  ・Rankと健康
    Affective and cardiovascular effects of experimentally-induced social status.
     http://content.apa.org/journals/hea/27/4/482

* 検索中に見つかった資料(Prof. Kawachi/今回のスライドと結構かぶっている)
   http://goo.gl/5Vw9on

シンポ全体でのメモ

・コホート/研究の名前
  J-SHINE:まちと家族の健康調査
  J-HOPE:「社会階層と健康」 労働者コホート調査
  JAGES HEART:http://www.who.int/kobe_centre/ageing/j_ages_heart/en/index.html
  MOSAIC(基本分類単位):http://www.awkk.co.jp/mosaic/whats.html

・Social Capital について
  2側面
   [1] Social Cohesion perspective
   [2] Social Network perspective

  Toward a neighborhood resource-based theory of social capital for health:
  Can Bourdieu and sociology help?
    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953605002546

  測定方法/Three Ego-centric network instruments
   (1) name generator / interpreter
   (2) position generator
   (3) resource generator:
      Assesses access to a list of specified material, informational,
      and psychological resource
  
  測定方法/コミュニティのSCの測定方法
   The Measurement of Community Social Capital Through Surveys
    http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-0-387-71311-3_3

  Place-based / Non-place basedの別
   類似の分類
    Geographic-base / Network
    kin/neigbour / friend
    neighbourhood / age group / affiliated group

・Fair Society, Healthy Lives Marmot reviews
   http://www.instituteofhealthequity.org/projects/fair-society-healthy-lives-the-marmot-review

・医療の平等性の定義(Gavin Mooney)
  (1) Expenditure per capita; (2) Inputs per capita; (3) Inputs for equal need;
  (4) Access for equal need; (5) Utilization for equal need; (6) Marginal met need;
  (7) Health

  平等を妨げる制約
  地理的な制約 → 無医村
  経済的    → 無保険
  社会文化   → 偏見
  知識・情報  → 低ヘルスリタラシー

・研究者用SNS
  Academia.edu http://www.academia.edu/
  Research Gate https://www.researchgate.net/
  Linkedin http://www.linkedin.com/